Distinguishing Ancient Mesopotamian Civilizations:
Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Medes & Persians
If you are like me, you are constantly confusing Ancient Mesopotamian Civilizations. It starts with the term "Mesopotamia" which is simply a geographic description of what we today call Iraq, but also describes peoples from present day locations like Syria, Iran and Turkey. So first, there is no "Mesopotamian" Empire or people. Rather there are Empires that started in Mesopotamia and expanded. The easiest way to keep them in order is chronologically, since they essentially succeed one another in dominating most of the surface area of the Middle East up until Alexander the Great conquered all of it in the 4th century BCE
Still Around: No.
Came From: Far southern Iraq
Time Period: ??? BCE to 1700 BCE.
Language: Aramaic (Semitic)
Still Around: Yes, but scattered around the globe.
Came From: Northern Iraq
Time Period: 2500 BCE to 605 BCE
|Babylonians came after the Assyrians but before the Persians. They are best known for contributing Ishtar- the Goddess of the night to the larger Near East world- she would be called Aphrodite in Greece.|
Language: Akkadian (Semitic)
Came From: Central Iraq
Time Period: 1900 BCE to 539 BCE
Ethnicity: Iranian (Indo-European)
Lanuage: Persian (Indo European)
Came From: mountains of Iran
Time Period: 550 BC- 313 BC